In October I was interviewed by one of my graduate students (Judyannet Muchiri) for the Network of African Youth for Development (NAYD: www.nayd.org). She asked a series of questions about aid and the sustainable development goals among other topics.
This article was recently accepted for publication in Social Science Research. In it, I explore the relationship between aid ties and other global ties to international actors. Complementing some of my earlier research on this subject, it shows that the more tied to world society a country is, the more donors will provide it bilateral aid.
Here is the abstract:
This article examines competing explanations for foreign aid allocation on the global level and argues for a new approach to understanding aid from an institutionalist perspective. Using network data on all official bilateral aid relationships between countries in the period from 1975 through 2006 and data on recipient country ties to world society, the article offers an alternative explanation for the allocation of global foreign aid. Fixed effects negative binomial regression models on a panel sample of 117 developing countries reveal that global ties to world society in the form of non-governmental memberships and treaty ratifications are strong determinants of the network centrality of recipient countries in the global foreign aid network. Countries with a higher level of adherence and connection to world society norms and organizations are shown to be the beneficiaries of an increased number of aid relationships with wealthy donor countries. The findings also suggest that prior explanations of aid allocation grounded in altruist or realist motivations are insufficient to account for the patterns of aid allocation seen globally in recent years.
Last week, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) publicly announced the results of its 2015 Insight Grant competition. I was very lucky to have my proposal selected for funding this year. This means my new 5-year project on foreign aid and global norms is officially a go.
I will have the great fortune to continue my work with an amazing team of collaborators including Stephen Brown, Andy Dawson, Katy Fallon, and Wes Longhofer as the project unfolds, and to support the work of my graduate students at MUN Sociology.
Abstract: Electoral quotas are a key factor in increasing women’s political representation in parliaments globally. Despite the strong effects of quotas, less attention has been paid to the factors that prompt countries to adopt electoral quotas across developing countries. This article employs event history modeling to analyze quota adoption in 134 developing countries from 1987 to 2012, focusing on quota type, transnational activism, and norm cascades. The article asks the following questions: (1) How might quota adoption differ according to quota type—nonparty versus party quotas? (2) How has the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China (Beijing 95), contributed to quota diffusion? (3) Do global, regional, or neighboring country effects contribute more to quota adoption? Results provide new evidence of how quota adoption processes differ according to quota type, the central role played by participation in Beijing 95, and how increased global counts contribute to faster nonparty quota adoption while increased neighboring country counts lead to faster to party quota adoption.
Global Bilateral Aid Network, 2005 (Sized by in- and out-degree centrality)
Several years ago I received funding from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) to study the global foreign aid network. I have published several pieces that resulted from that project, and continue to study aid from a network perspective. One piece that emerged from that project is titled “World Society and the Global Foreign Aid Network” – an article which has been accepted for publication in the new ASA section journal Sociology of Development. Having been through more revisions than I care to admit, this article examines whether aid network centrality – how plugged into the global aid network a recipient country is – is associated with other measures of global connectedness or embeddedness in World Society.
The takeaway point from the article is that the more donors from which a country receives aid, the greater the number of ties that country is likely to have to the international human rights architecture, international NGOs, and other international organizations in the future. In the paper I start to explore the role aid donors may play in brokering these connections for recipient country partners – a topic that is a focus of my ongoing research.
The final submission version of the article is downloadable below, or on my research website.